A traumatic brain injury may result from a variety of causes. The aftermath of brain trauma may include permanent disability or a prolonged coma. The medical expenses, therapy, rehabilitation and long-term care needed to care for a person with brain damage can be considerable. These traumas are a major cause of death and disability in Wisconsin and across the U.S., contributing to nearly 30 percent of deaths caused by injuries.
Brain trauma may result from a bump, jolt or blow to the head or the penetration of a foreign object into the head. A brain injury may be classified as mild to severe. Mild brain injuries are the most common and include concussions. In 2010, the nation experienced 2.5 million hospitalizations and emergency room visits due to brain injuries.